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Poly-Cystic Ovarian Syndrome

Poly cystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that occurs in women of reproductive age. It is characterized by a variety of symptoms, including irregular periods, excessive hair growth, acne, weight gain, and insulin resistance.

PCOS is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The condition is often diagnosed through blood tests and ultrasounds, which can reveal high levels of androgen's (male hormones) and multiple small cysts on the ovaries.


Poly-cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is characterised by a range of symptoms that can vary in severity and presentation. Understanding these symptoms is essential for early detection, diagnosis, and effective management of PCOS. In this blog post, we will explore the most common symptoms associated with PCOS.

1. Irregular Menstrual Cycle:

One of the primary symptoms of PCOS is an irregular menstrual cycle. Women with PCOS may experience infrequent periods or prolonged intervals between cycles. Some may also encounter heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, while others may have lighter and shorter periods.

2. Excessive Hair Growth (Hirsutism):

Hirsutism refers to the growth of excessive hair in areas where it typically appears in men, such as the face, chest, abdomen, and back. Women with PCOS may experience increased hair growth due to elevated androgen levels, which disrupt the normal balance of male and female hormones.

3. Acne and Skin Issues:

PCOS can lead to persistent acne and other skin problems. Increased androgen levels can stimulate the oil glands in the skin, resulting in excessive oil production and clogged pores. This can lead to acne breakouts, especially in the facial area, but can also affect the back and chest.

4. Weight Gain and Difficulty In Losing Weight:

Weight gain and difficulty in losing weight are common challenges faced by women with PCOS. Hormonal imbalances can impact the body's metabolism and make it harder to shed excess pounds. Insulin resistance, a common feature of PCOS, can also contribute to weight gain and make weight loss efforts more challenging.

5. Insulin Resistance and Diabetes:

Insulin resistance occurs when the body's cells become less responsive to the hormone insulin, leading to higher blood sugar levels. PCOS is often associated with insulin resistance, which can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Symptoms of insulin resistance may include fatigue, frequent hunger, and increased thirst.

6. Mood Swings and Emotional Distress:

PCOS can have a significant impact on a woman's emotional well-being. Hormonal imbalances, physical discomfort, and challenges with body image can contribute to mood swings, anxiety, and depression. Women with PCOS may experience emotional distress and a decreased quality of life as a result.

7. Poly cystic Ovaries:

While not all women with PCOS will have ovarian cysts, the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries is a characteristic feature of the syndrome. These cysts develop due to the follicles (fluid-filled sacs containing eggs) not maturing or releasing eggs regularly.


Recognising the symptoms of PCOS is crucial for early diagnosis and management. If you suspect that you may have PCOS or are experiencing any of the mentioned symptoms, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional. With proper medical guidance and lifestyle modifications, women with PCOS can effectively manage the symptoms and improve their overall well-being.

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